1706 * Benjamin Franklin was born in Boston.
1773 Captain Cook's ship The Resolution became the first ship to
cross the Antarctic Circle.
1827 The Duke of Wellington was appointed Commander-in-Chief of the
1893 Hawaii's Queen Liliuokalani was forced to abdicate by a group
of planters and businessmen.
1899 * Al (Alphonse) Capone, America's most notorious gangster.
1912 Captain Robert Scott reached the South Pole, 1 month after the
1928 * Vidal Sassoon, English hair stylist with an international
1942 * Muhammad Ali (Cassius Clay), Olympic and 3 times world
heavyweight boxing champion.
1945 Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg disappeared in Hungary while
in Soviet custody.
1956 * Paul Young, English singer.
1959 The African country of Mali was formed with the joining of
Senegal & French Sudan.
1977 Convicted murderer Gary Gilmore, was executed by firing squad
in the Utah state prison.
1983 Breakfast television came to Britain on the BBC.
1994 An earthquake measuring 6.6 on the Richter scale devastated Los
Angeles, killing more than 20
1995 A massive quake destroyed whole areas of Japan's industrial
heartland, leaving many hundreds of
people dead. Worst hit was the port of Kobe.
1998 President Clinton became the first sitting U.S. president to
testify as a defendant in a criminal
or civil suit.
xxxx * = Date of birth
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