1778 Captain Cook discovered the Sandwich Islands, now known as
1788 The First Fleet, carrying convicts and sheep, arrived in
Australia's Botany Bay.
1871 King Wilhelm of Prussia became the first emperor of Germany.
1879 England beat Wales 2-1 in the first international soccer match.
1892 * Oliver Hardy, US film comedian who with Stan Laurel formed
Laurel and Hardy.
1904 * Cary Grant (Archibald Leach), British film actor who starred
in Charade (1938).
1911 Eugene Ely became the first pilot to land his aircraft on a
1912 The ill-fated Scott expedition reached the South Pole, only to
discover Amundsen had been there
1913 * Danny Kaye, US film actor who starred in Hans Christian
1934 The first arrest was made in Britain using pocket radios by
1936 Rudyard Kipling, the English author of "Jungle Book", died.
1943 The Nazi siege of Leningrad was broken.
1955 * Kevin Costner, US film actor who won an Oscar for his role in
Dances with Wolves.
1963 Labour leader Hugh Gaitskell died after a sudden deterioration
in his heart condition.
1967 Jeremy Thorpe was elected leader of the Liberal Party.
1967 In Connecticut, Albert DeSalvo, the "Boston Strangler" who says
he murdered 13 women, was given a
life sentence for assault and armed robbery.
1997 Israel handed over control of the West Bank city to
Palestinians as Yasser Arafat returned to
Hebron for the first time in 30 years.
2001 President Clinton admitted making false statements under oath
about Monica Lewinsky.
xxxx * = Date of birth
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