1556 The deadliest earthquake on record in Shanxi Province, China
killed some 830,000 people.
1571 Queen Elizabeth I opened the Royal Exchange, London as a
bankers' meeting house.
1832 * Édouard Manet, French Impressionist painter, famous for his
Dejeuner sur l'herbe.
1849 Elizabeth Blackwell became the first woman physician in the
1899 Lord Denning, Master of the Rolls for 20 years.
1899 * Humphrey Bogart, legendary actor and star of films such as
Casablanca and African Queen.
1914 * Napoleon Bonaparte, French pretender to the throne.
1924 The first British Labour government was formed by Ramsay
1931 The Russian ballerina Anna Pavlova died at her Hampstead Heath
home, aged 49.
1943 British forces captured the city of Tripoli, Libya, from the
1944 * Rutger Hauer, Dutch film star.
1955 Fourteen people died and dozens injured when an express train
travelling from York to Bristol
derailed at Sutton Coldfield station.
1957 * Princess Caroline of Monaco.
1963 Infamous Spy Kim Philby, the double agent, defected to Russia.
1968 North Korea seized the U.S. Navy ship Pueblo (the crew was
released 11 months later.)
1973 President Nixon announced in a TV address that an accord had
been reached to end the Vietnam War.
1989 Salvador Dali died in Spain at age 84.
1989 1,000 people are feared dead after a powerful earthquake
strikes the Soviet Central Asian
republic of Tajikistan.
xxxx * = Date of birth
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