0041 Roman emperor, Gaius Caesar, better known as Caligula, was
1712 * Frederick the Great, King of Prussia.
1848 Gold was first discovered in California, in Sutter's mill. When
President Polk announced the news
in December, the gold rush began.
1908 Robert Baden-Powell formed the first Boy Scout troop in
1916 Conscription was introduced in Britain to provide men for the
1917 * Ernest (Ermes Effron) Borgnine, US actor who won an Oscar for
1945 * Neil Diamond, US singer and songwriter who wrote the hit song
1961 Hollywood screen star Marilyn Monroe divorced her husband of
five years, playwright Arthur
1961 * Natassja Kinski, daughter of German actor Klaus Kinski, who
starred in Tess (1979).
1965 Former British Prime Minister Winston Churchill died at the age
1966 Over 100 passengers were killed when an Air India Boeing-707
plane crashed into Mont Blanc.
1972 Japanese soldier Shoichi Yokoi was discovered in Guam, having
spent 28 years hiding in the jungle
not knowing that World War II had ended.
1978 An orbiting Russian satellite crashed to earth near Yellow
1986 Voyager Two space probe passes within 51,000 miles of Uranus.
1987 Terry Waite, representative of the Church of England was
kidnapped in Beirut.
2001 Northern Ireland Secretary Peter Mandelson resigned from the
Cabinet over a "passports for cash"
xxxx * = Date of birth
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