1788 The first European settlers landed in Sydney, Australia.
1802 Napoleon Bonaparte was made President of the Italian Republic.
1823 Edward Jenner, the pioneer of vaccination, died.
1841 Hong Kong was proclaimed a British sovereignty.
1871 The English Rugby Union was formed in London.
1886 Karl Benz patented his engine and 3 wheel drive car.
1939 Franco's rebels took Barcelona in the Spanish Civil War.
1907 * Henry Cotton, English golf champion, three times winner of
the British Open.
1925 * Paul Newman, US film actor who won an Oscar for his role in
The Colour of Money.
1928 * Eartha Kitt, US singer and actress who came to attention in
New Faces of 1952.
1945 * Marti Caine, British comedienne and singer.
1950 India, three years after gaining its independence from the
United Kingdom, formally became a
1952 Reports from Egypt said at least 20 people were killed and
hundreds injured in anti-British riots
1969 Police wielding truncheons and firing tear gas broke up a march
by hundreds of demonstrators in
1979 Former US Vice President Nelson Rockefeller died in New York at
1982 Unemployment in Britain rose above three million for the first
time since the 1930s.
1988 Andrew Lloyd Webber's The Phantom of the Opera opened on
1993 Vaclav Havel was elected president of the new Czech Republic.
1994 A protester fired blanks at Prince Charles on his tour in
1998 President Clinton denied allegations he had an affair with
24-year-old intern Monica Lewinsky.
2001 A magnitude 7.7 earthquake rocked the Indian state of Gujarat,
killing more than 20,000 people.
xxxx * = Date of birth
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