1763 Treaty of Paris signed, ending the French and Indian War.
France ceded Canada and all its North American territories east of
the Mississippi to Great Britain.
1774 Andrew Baker demonstrated his practical diving suit in the
Thames River, London.
1837 Russian poet and novelist Alexander Pushkin was killed in a
1840 Queen Victoria married Albert of Saxe-Coburg Gotha in St James'
1894 * Harold Macmillan, 1st Earl of Stockton and British Prime
1897 * John Franklin Enders, US microbiologist who helped perfect a
vaccine against Polio.
1913 Antarctic explorer Robert F. Scott and two colleagues found
dead on Antarctic ice.
1930 * Robert Wagner, US television and film actor who twice married
1931 New Delhi became the capital of India.
1942 Glenn Miller received the first ever gold record for selling a
million copies of "Chattanooga Choo Choo".
1944 Pay As You Earn (PAYE) income tax was introduced in Britain.
1952 The Congress Party of India, led by Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru,
has won an outright victory in the country's first general election.
1958 * Greg Norman, Australian champion golfer who won the British
Open in 1986.
1962 The Soviet Union exchanged captured American U-2 pilot Francis
Gary Powers for Rudolph Abel, a Soviet spy held by the United
1986 The largest ever Mafia trial took place in Palermo, Sicily.
1996 IBM's computer, Deep Blue, beat the world chess champion, Garry
xxxx * = Date of birth
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