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14th February

1779 Captain Cook was stabbed to death by natives on the Sandwich Islands (Hawaii).

1797 The Spanish fleet were defeated off Cape St. Vincent by Captain Horatio Nelson.

1819 * Christopher Latham Scholes, US inventor of the modern typewriter.

1852 The Great Ormond Street children's hospital treated it's first patient.

1894 * Jack Benny, US comedian and radio performer.

1920 The 'League of Women' was founded.

1929 Seven Chicago gangsters were slain by rivals in the 'Valentines Day Massacre'.

1944 * Alan Parker, English film director, who directed the film Bugsy Malone.

1945 British and US bombers pounded the ancient German city of Dresden with high explosive and incendiary bombs.

1951 * Kevin Keegan, English soccer player who played for Liverpool and Newcastle.

1963 Harold Wilson became leader of the British Labour Party.

1963 The first successful kidney transplant was made.

1974 Soviet authorities formally charged Russian writer Alexander Solzhenitsyn with treason a day after forcing him to leave the USSR.

1984 British figure skating couple Jayne Torvill and Christopher Dean won the gold medal at the Winter Olympics in Sarajevo.

1989 Iran's Ayatollah Khomeini issued a fatwa, calling for the death of Salman Rushdie, author of The Satanic Verses.

2003 Dolly the sheep, the first cloned mammal, was put down because of serious health problems.

2005 Former Lebanese Prime Minister Rafik Hariri was killed by a car bomb explosion in Beirut.

xxxx * = Date of birth

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