1807 * Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, US poet who wrote 'Hiawatha'.
1844 Dominican Republic gained independence from Haiti.
1879 Saccharin discovered by Constantin Fahlberg and Prof. Ira
Penson, Baltimore, USA.
1897 Paris saw the first couple to leave a wedding in a decorated
1900 The Labour Party was founded, with Ramsay MacDonald as its
1930 * Joanne Woodward, US actress who won an Oscar for The Three
Faces of Eve (1957).
1932 * Elizabeth Taylor, US actress who won an Oscar for Who's
Afraid of Virginia Woolf?
1933 German Reichstag building in Berlin was destroyed by fire.
1941 * Paddy Ashdown, leader of the Liberal Democratic Party of
1948 Communists seized power in Czechoslovakia.
1951 The 22nd Amendment to the Constitution was ratified, limiting
the President to two terms.
1953 A proposal to simplify English spelling cleared its second
hurdle in parliament.
1963 Antoine Argoud, President De Gaulle's arch enemy and a former
colonel in the French Army, was charged with an assassination
1980 Columbian guerrillas seized the Dominican Republic's embassy,
1982 Legislation in the European Court was passed, banning corporal
punishment in schools.
1991 The Gulf War ended when Iraq unconditionally accepted UN
resolutions on Kuwait.
1999 Voters flock to polling stations in Nigeria to elect a civilian
president and end military rule that had lasted 15 years.
2001 The British government announces a £150 million aid package for
UK farmers due to the foot-and-mouth disease crisis.
2002 A fire on a train in India resulted in the deaths of 57 Hindu
xxxx * = Date of birth
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