1790 The U.S. Congress authorized the first census.
1810 * Frédéric Chopin, composer and pianist, was born in Poland.
1864 US Rebecca Lee was the first black woman awarded a medical
1880 Pennsylvania became the first US state to abolish slavery.
1910 * David Niven, Scottish-born actor who won an Oscar for the
film Separate Tables (1956).
1932 The 20-month-old son of Charles Lindbergh was kidnapped.
1940 * Vivien Leigh won an Oscar for the film Gone with The Wind.
1940 * David Broome, English show jumper who became world champion
1945 * Roger Daltrey, English pop singer with the band, The Who.
1950 Nuclear scientist Klaus Fuchs was sentenced to 14 years
imprisonment for espionage.
1954 The US carried out the first hydrogen bomb test at Bikini Atoll
in the mid-Pacific.
1966 The Soviet unmanned spacecraft, Venus 3, touched down on the
1973 The armed Palestinian group Black September seized the Saudi
Arabian embassy in Khartoum.
1978 The coffin of Charlie Chaplin was stolen, some months after he
1981 IRA member Bobby Sands began a hunger strike in the Maze
Prison. He died 65 days later.
1990 Under the new Official Secrets Act, Whistleblowers and
journalists risk criminal prosecution from today.
xxxx * = Date of birth
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