1521 Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan reached the
1751 * James Madison, fourth US President from 1809-1817.
1802 The first United States Military Academy "West Point", was
1815 William of Orange proclaimed King of the Netherlands.
1872 The first FA Cup soccer match played between Bolton Wanderers
and Royal Engineers.
1900 The ancient city of Knossos on the island of Crete was
1920 * Leo McKern, Australian-born actor who starred in the TV
series Rumpole of the Bailey.
1926 US The first liquid-fuel rocket was successfully launched by
Prof. Robert Goddard at Auburn, Massachusetts. The rocket travelled
184 feet in 2.5 seconds.
1926 * Jerry Lewis, US film comedian who, with Dean Martin starred
in many Hollywood films.
1935 Hitler renounced the Versailles Treaty and introduced
1940 * Bernardo Bertolucci, Italian film director.
1953 Marshal Josef Tito of Yugoslavia arrived in Britain, the first
Communist head of state to visit the country.
1973 The Queen opened the new London Bridge.
1976 Harold Wilson Labour leader for 13 years and Prime Minister for
almost eight resigned as Prime Minister.
1978 Italian politician Aldo Moro was kidnapped, and later murdered,
by the Red Brigades.
1985 US journalist Terry Anderson was kidnapped in Beirut. He was
eventually released on December 4, 1991 after 2454 days in
1988 Lieutenant Colonel Oliver L. North and Vice Admiral John M.
Poindexter of the National Security Council are indicted on charges
of conspiracy to defraud the United States for their role in the
1988 Thousands of people died in a poison gas attack in the northern
Iraqi town of Halabja, a Kurdish city in northern Iraq.
xxxx * = Date of birth
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