1584 Russian czar Ivan IV, or Ivan 'The Terrible,' died at age 53.
1858 * Rudolf Diesel, German engineer who pioneered the modern motor
1869 * Arthur Neville Chamberlain, British Prime Minister from
1925 The most violent single tornado in U.S. history, the 'Tri-State
Tornado,' hit Missouri, Indiana, and Illinois, killing 689 people
and injuring 13,000 others.
1931 Electric razors were first manufactured by Schick Incorporated,
1932 Sydney Harbour Bridge was opened.
1949 * Alex 'Hurricane' Higgins, Irish snooker player and two-times
1949 NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) set up with Britain
and 7 other countries.
1952 * Pat Eddery, four times champion British jockey.
1965 Soviet cosmonaut Aleksei Leonov made the first spacewalk.
1967 The oil tanker Torrey Canyon was wrecked off the Cornish coast,
spilling almost 1,000,000 barrels of oil into the sea.
1978 Former Italian Prime Minister Aldo Moro was kidnapped by the
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