1860 First pony express service began.
1882 Outlaw Jesse James was shot in the back by Bob Ford, one of his
own gang members, for a $10,000 reward.
1922 Joseph Stalin appointed General Secretary of the Communist
1924 * Marlon Brando, US actor who won an Oscar for the film The
1924 * Doris Day, US actress who starred in the film Pillow Talk
1930 Ras Tafari became Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia.
1930 * Helmut Kohl, West German chancellor from 1982.
1936 Bruno Hauptmann was electrocuted for the kidnapping and murder
of the Lindbergh baby.
1947 BUPA, the private medical care service was founded in Britain.
1954 Oxford won the 100th Boat Race in rough conditions on the River
1960 The USA launched the world's first weather satellite, Tiros I.
1961 * Eddie Murphy, US black comedian who starred in the film
Trading Places (1983).
1981 Mobs of black and white youths went on the rampage in Brixton,
1987 The late Duchess of Windsor's jewellery has been sold for £31m
($50m) - six times the expected figure.
1996 Police in the US arrested a man they believe to be the
2000 A US federal judge ruled that Microsoft Corp. violated the
nation's antitrust laws by using its monopoly power in personal
computer operating systems to stifle competition.
2000 A controversial plan to give asylum seekers vouchers instead of
cash came into force.
xxxx * = Date of birth
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