1743 * Edmund Cartwright, English inventor of the power loom.
1792 Claude Rouget de Lisle composed the French national anthem, the
1815 * Anthony Trollope, English novelist who wrote the Barsetshire
1898 Spain declared war on the U.S..
1915 Turks began deportation of Armenians that led to the massacre
of between 600,000 and 1.5 million Armenians.
1916 The Easter Rebellion begins in Dublin, Ireland. Although
unsuccessful, the uprising was an important symbolic event leading
to the establishment of the Republic of Ireland.
1930 Amy Johnson landed Gypsy Moth in Darwin after solo flight from
England lasting 19 days.
1934 * Shirley Maclaine, US actress and dancer who starred in the
film Irma La Douce (1963).
1942 * Barbara Streisand, US actress and singer who starred on
Broadway in Funny Girl (1964)
1949 Sweets and chocolate were no longer rationed in Britain after
the end of World War II.
1953 Winston Churchill was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II.
1954 Security forces rounded up more than 10,000 men in the biggest
anti-Mau Mau operation since the state of emergency was declared in
Kenya 18 months ago.
1967 Soviet Union astronaut Vladimir Komarov killed when Soyuz 1
crashed to earth after leaving orbit.
1975 Tense stand-off at the West German embassy in Stockholm ended
in violence when Baader-Meinhof blew up embassy.
1982 First Briton dies in Falklands campaign when a crewman of a Sea
King helicopter on its way to the Falklands Islands was reported
missing and presumed dead after the aircraft crashed.
1993 A massive bomb ripped through the heart of the City of London,
killing one and injuring more than 40.
xxxx * = Date of birth
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