1469 * Nicolo di Bernardo dei Machiavelli, Italian statesman and
author of The Prince (1532).
1494 Explorer Christopher Columbus, on his second expedition,
1500 Portuguese explorer Pedro Alvarez Cabral claimed Brazil for his
1906 * Mary Astor, US film actress who appeared in the film The
Maltese Falcon (1941).
1934 * Henry Cooper, British heavyweight boxing champion in 1952.
1936 * Engelbert Humperdink (Arnold Dorsey), US singer who recorded
the song 'Release Me'.
1951 King George inaugurated the Festival of Britain at a service in
St Paul's Cathedral and later attended a concert at the new Royal
Festival Hall on London's south bank.
1968 The first heart transplant operation was carried out by Dr.
Donald Ross of Great Britain.
1977 The first World Badminton Championships were held in Malmoe.
1986 At the age of 54, legendary horse jockey Bill Shoemaker became
the oldest person to win the Kentucky Derby, riding Ferdinand to
1986 A bomb exploded on an Air Lanka passenger jet at Colombo's
airport leaving 21 dead and 41 injured. The Tamil Tigers are
suspected of the outrage.
1990 Members of the new parliament of the Soviet republic of Latvia
met to discuss independence from Moscow.
1999 Kansas and Oklahoma were hit by an outbreak of more than 55
tornadoes, including one measured at F5 on the Fujita scale.
2000 The London Stock Exchange and Germany's Deutsche Boerse
confirmed they are to merge, creating the world's second largest
2001 The United States, a member of the UN Human Rights Commission
since its inception, lost its seat. It would be restored the
xxxx * = Date of birth
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