1607 3 ships of English soldiers became the first permanent settlers
in Jamestown, America.
1568 Mary Queen of Scots was defeated at the Battle of Langside and
immediately fled to North England.
1842 * Sir Arthur Sullivan, English composer associated with the
librettist, W.S. Gilbert.
1846 The United States formally declared war on Mexico after several
days of fighting.
1868 Aboriginal cricketers arrived in England some 10 years before
the white Australian team.
1938 Louis Armstrong and his orchestra recorded the New Orleans's
jazz classic, When the Saints Go Marching In, on Decca Records.
1940 Winston Churchill gave his first speech as prime minister: 'I
have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears and sweat.'
1914 * Joe Louis, US world heavyweight boxing champion from
1946 * Tim Piggot-Smith, English actor who appeared in the TV series
the Jewel in the Crown.
1950 * Stevie Wonder, US singer who made his first Motown recording
1961 US film actor and twice Oscar winner Gary Cooper (Frank James
1968 Paris a one day workers general strike is called in solidarity
with students calling for the fall of government and protesting
1977 England captain Tony Greig was sacked for recruiting players to
Australian media mogul Kerry Packer's rival World XI 'circus' team
in what was seen as a "breach of trust".
1981 Crowds in St Peter's Square in Rome were stunned by the
close-range shooting of the Pope by Mehmet Ali Hagca, an escaped
Turkish fugitive murderer.
1995 A British mother of two Alison Hargreaves 33, became the first
woman to conquer Everest without oxygen or the help of sherpas.
xxxx * = Date of birth
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