1727 * Thomas Gainsborough, English painter of landscapes.
1796 Edward Jenner carried out his first successful vaccination
1904 The Olympic Games were held in the United States for the first
time, in St. Louis, Missouri.
1905 * Dr. Hastings Banda, Life President of Malawi from 1971.
1926 * Eric Morecambe, English comedian who partnered Ernie Wise in
1940 * Chay Blythe, English yachtsman who circumnavigated the world
1948 British rule in Palestine came to an end as The Jewish National
Council proclaimed the State of Israel. Within hours, Israel was
under attack from Arab forces.
1955 The Soviet Union and its Eastern Bloc allies sign the 'Wasaw
Pact' defence pact in the Polish capital, Warsaw, which places all
member countries under one military command.
1957 Petrol rationing ended with relief across the country as the
paymaster general announces restrictions on fuel consumption imposed
during the Suez crisis are to be lifted.
1964 Nasser and Khrushchev the Egyptian and Russian leaders end
phase one of the construction of the Aswan High Dam by blowing up a
huge sand barrage to divert the course of the Nile.
1973 The first US space station, Skylab I was launched into orbit.
1989 British film stars held a vigil on the Rose Theatre site where
Shakespeare had performed.
1991 Winnie Mandela, the wife of anti-apartheid campaigner Nelson
Mandela, has been given a six-year prison sentence for her part in
the kidnap of four youths.
1998 Frank Sinatra died at the age of 82.
2001 Variant CJD, the human form of BSE or "mad cow disease" has
been found in 100 people so far and scientists warn a "second wave"
in years to come could be much larger.
xxxx * = Date of birth
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