1620 The first merry-go-around was set up at a fair in Philippolis,
1749 * Edward Jenner, English pioneer of vaccination.
1792 The New York Stock Exchange was established when a group of 24
brokers and merchants met by a tree on what is now Wall Street and
signed the Buttonwood Agreement.
1861 The first package holiday arranged by Thomas Cook was for a
trip to Paris, France.
1875 The first Kentucky Derby was held at Churchill Downs, in
1890 The first weekly comic paper Comic Cuts published by Alfred
Harmsworth in London.
1916 The Daylight Saving Act (Summer Time) was passed in Britain.
1936 * Dennis Hopper, US actor and director of the film Easy Rider
1943 An audacious RAF raid into the industrial heartland of Germany
uses revolutionary 'bouncing' bombs to breach three dams and flood
the Ruhr valley. The bombs were invented Dr Barnes Wallis, the
designer of the Wellington bomber.
1955 * Grace Jones, Jamaican-born US singer who recorded the song
'La Vie en Rose'.
1955 In the first broadcast of its kind Prime Minister Sir Anthony
Eden presents the largest-scale election broadcast ever seen on
1956 * 'Sugar' Ray Leonard, US world boxing champion at middleweight
1960 The much-heralded Big Four summit in Paris fails after U2 spy
1973 Televised Watergate hearings opened, headed by North Carolina
senator Sam Ervin.
1978 The coffin containing the body of Charlie Chaplin, missing
since his grave was pillaged nearly two months ago was found.
1987 An Iraqi warplane attacked the U.S.S. Stark in the Persian
Gulf, killing 37 American sailors and wounding 62.
1997 Laurent Kabila declared himself president of the Democratic
Republic of the Congo.
2000 Two Royal Marine commandos were the first Britons to reach the
geographical North Pole despite severe weather conditions.
xxxx * = Date of birth
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