1536 Anne Boleyn, the second wife of King Henry VIII, was beheaded.
1588 The 130-ship-strong Spanish Armada set sail for England; it was
defeated in August.
1802 Napoleon instituted the Legion d'honneur to be awarded for
civil and military distinction.
1926 * Malcolm X (Little), US Black Muslim leader.
1935 British author and soldier, T. E. Lawrence, also known as
"Lawrence of Arabia," died from injuries sustained in a motorcycle
1939 * James Fox, English actor who starred in the film The Servant
1945 * Pete Townsend, English guitarist with the rock group The Who.
1953 * Victoria Wood, English comedienne, writer and songwriter.
1962 Marilyn Monroe sang “Happy Birthday” to president John F.
1974 Valery Giscard d'Estaing was elected President of France,
defeating socialist Francois Mitterrand.
1980 The volcano Mount St. Helens in the North West of the US
erupted killing 8 people.
1982 Italian actress Sophia Loren was jailed for 1 month for tax
evasion in Italy.
1986 South African troops attacked Zambia, Zimbabwe and Botswana
bringing to an end diplomatic efforts to bring a peaceful end to
1991 Helen Sharman became the first British person to go into space.
1994 Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis died in New York.
1997 The sponsorship of sports events by tobacco firms is to be
outlawed, says Labour Health Secretary Frank Dobson.
1999 The science fiction film Star Wars, Episode 1 - The Phantom
Menace opened in the US breaking first day box office records.
xxxx * = Date of birth
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