1455 The Lancastrians defeated the Yorkists in the first battle of
the War of the Roses.
1859 * Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, novelist who created the detective
1907 * Laurence Olivier, English classical actor who won an Oscar
for the film Hamlet (1948).
1908 The Wright brothers patented their flying machine.
1915 Two trains collided at Gretna Green, Scotland killing 227
1924 * Charles Aznevour, French singer, songwriter and actor.
1927 An earthquake near Xining, China, measuring 8.3 claimed
approximately 200,000 victims.
1946 * George Best, former Northern Ireland and Manchester United
1969 The Apollo 10 mission sent a manned lunar module within eight
miles of the Moon's surface in rehearsal for a summer Moon landing.
1970 The Cricket Council reversed their decision to allow a South
African cricket tour of England, a move welcomed by anti-apartheid
activist Peter Hain.
1972 President Richard Nixon became the first US President to visit
1981 Peter Sutcliffe, known as the Yorkshire Ripper, was sentenced
to life imprisonment after the judge describes him as "an unusually
2000 Lebanese Hezbollah fighters split Israel's southern occupation
zone into two as they approach the common border.
2003 The UN Security Council approved a resolution lifting the
economic sanctions against Iraq.
xxxx * = Date of birth
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