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10th June

1793 The first public zoo, the Jardin des Plantes, opened in Paris.

1801 Beginning of the Tripolitan War, between the United States and the Barbary States.

1829 The first Oxford and Cambridge Boat Race took place and was won by Oxford.

1832 * Nikolaus August Otto, German inventor of the 4-stroke internal combustion engine (1876).

1865 Wagner's opera, Tristan and Isolde, premiered in Munich.

1911 * Sir Terence Rattigan, English playwright who wrote the play French Without Tears (1936).

1921 * Prince Philip, the Duke of Edinburgh and husband of Queen Elizabeth II of England.

1922 * Judy Garland, US singer and actress and star of the film, The Wizard of Oz (1939).

1935 US Alcoholics Anonymous was founded.

1942 The entire male population of the Czech village of Lidice was massacred in retaliation for the death of Nazi official Reinhard Heydrich.

1943 Lazlo Biró, a Hungarian journalist, patented his ballpoint pen.

1946 Italy replaced its monarchy with a republic.

1967 Israeli forces stopped their advance into Syria and complied with a UN ceasefire bringing to an end six days of fighting on three fronts.

1977 An elusive goldfish-eating 'killer' perch with a prodigious appetite was finally caught after two years on the rampage in a Kent pond.

1986 Patrick Joseph Magee was found guilty of planting the Brighton bomb that ripped through the Grand Hotel during the 1984 Conservative Party conference killing five people two years ago.

2000 London's "Millennium Bridge" the city's first new river crossing for 100 years was closed for safety checks after large crowds caused it to sway violently.

xxxx * = Date of birth

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