1793 The first public zoo, the Jardin des Plantes, opened in Paris.
1801 Beginning of the Tripolitan War, between the United States and
the Barbary States.
1829 The first Oxford and Cambridge Boat Race took place and was won
1832 * Nikolaus August Otto, German inventor of the 4-stroke
internal combustion engine (1876).
1865 Wagner's opera, Tristan and Isolde, premiered in Munich.
1911 * Sir Terence Rattigan, English playwright who wrote the play
French Without Tears (1936).
1921 * Prince Philip, the Duke of Edinburgh and husband of Queen
Elizabeth II of England.
1922 * Judy Garland, US singer and actress and star of the film, The
Wizard of Oz (1939).
1935 US Alcoholics Anonymous was founded.
1942 The entire male population of the Czech village of Lidice was
massacred in retaliation for the death of Nazi official Reinhard
1943 Lazlo Biró, a Hungarian journalist, patented his ballpoint pen.
1946 Italy replaced its monarchy with a republic.
1967 Israeli forces stopped their advance into Syria and complied
with a UN ceasefire bringing to an end six days of fighting on three
1977 An elusive goldfish-eating 'killer' perch with a prodigious
appetite was finally caught after two years on the rampage in a Kent
1986 Patrick Joseph Magee was found guilty of planting the Brighton
bomb that ripped through the Grand Hotel during the 1984
Conservative Party conference killing five people two years ago.
2000 London's "Millennium Bridge" the city's first new river
crossing for 100 years was closed for safety checks after large
crowds caused it to sway violently.
xxxx * = Date of birth
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