1527 Italian statesman, diplomat, and author of 'The Prince,'
Niccolo Machiavelli died.
1675 Work began to rebuild St. Paul's Cathedral in London by Sir
1788 The US Constitution came into force.
1905 * Jean-Paul Sartre, French existentialist philosopher, novelist
1921 * Jane Russell, US actress who starred in the film The Outlaw
1945 The Japanese island of Okinawa finally fell to the Americans
after a long and bloody battle. It was estimated more than 90,000
Japanese troops were killed in the 82-day conflict.
1948 The first monogroove (long playing) record was unveiled by
1953 * Benazir Bhutto, Prime Minister of Pakistan in 1988.
1968 The Egg Marketing Board should be scrapped and an independent
authority established in its place, according to a report compiled
by the British government-appointed Reorganisation Commission
1970 Tony Jacklin became the first British golfer to win the US Open
for 50 years.
1978 Walking home with friend, William Hanna was killed in the
crossfire between Provisional IRA bombers and British security
forces at the Ballysillan post office depot in Belfast. Three
Provisional IRA members also died.
1982 * Prince William, eldest son of Prince Charles and Princess
Diana at St Mary's Hospital, in London.
1991 There was anger over British Gas chairman Robert Evans
accepting a pay increase of 66% which took his annual salary to
1993 English mathematician, Andrew Wiles proved Fermat's last
theorem. It seven years and 200 pages of calculations to prove the
350-year-old problem, which many mathematicians had declared was
xxxx * = Date of birth
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