1377 Richard II ascended to the English throne on the death of
1814 The first match at Lord's cricket ground took place between the
MCC and Hertfordshire.
1815 Napoleon abdicated his throne for the second time after his
defeat at Waterloo.
1870 The US Justice Department was created.
1906 * Billy Wilder, US film director and writer of films such as
Some Like it Hot (1959).
1921 King George V opened the Northern Ireland Parliament pleading
1932 * Prunella Scales, English actress who starred in the TV series
1936 * Kris Kristofferson, US singer, songwriter and actor who
starred in A Star is Born (1976).
1941 Hitler's German Army took the Soviet leader Joseph Stalin by
surprise as it begins a massive advance on Moscow. The invasion
broke the non-aggression pact signed by Germany and the Soviet Union
1949 * Meryl Streep, US actress who won an Oscar for the film
Sophie's Choice (1982).
1959 Directors of Harrods are urging shareholders to vote for a £34m
merger with Debenhams department chain. It is seen as a way of
cutting costs through pooling resources on buying goods and internal
1969 Singer-actress Judy Garland died.
1979 A jury cleared Jeremy Thorpe of the attempted murder of Norman
Scott. Mr Thorpe, who resigned as Liberal Party leader in 1976,
hailed his acquittal as "a complete vindication".
1981 Mark Chapman changed his plea to guilty and admitted that he
murdered John Lennon in December 1980. Lennon, 40, was shot several
times as he entered his luxury apartment building, the Dakota on
Manhattan's Upper West Side
1987 Actor-dancer-singer Fred Astaire died.
1995 British PM John Major resigned as Conservative leader to fight
a leadership contest.
2001 The Parole Board decided that after 8 years, the murderers of
James Bulger are to be released. Both boys were 10-years-old when
they led James Bulger from a shopping centre in Bootle, Merseyside,
tortured and murdered him.
xxxx * = Date of birth
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