Today Yesterday



1st July

1838 Charles Darwin presented his paper on the theory of evolution to the Linnaen Society.

1863 Beginning of the Battle of Gettysburg, which marked the turning point in the US Civil War.

1867 Canada became a self-governing dominion of Great Britain under the British North America Act.

1872 * Louis Blériot, famous French aviator.

1916 The Battle of the Somme began during WW1 with 210000 men killed on this day.

1941 The first TV commercial was shown on WNBT in New York advertising a clock.

1952 * Dan Aykroyd, Canadian comedian and comedy actor.

1961 * Carl Lewis, US athlete who won 4 gold medals at the 1984 Olympic Games held in L.A.

1961 * Lady Diana Spencer (Princess of Wales), married to Prince Charles.

1962 Burundi and Rwanda achieved independence.

1963 Former Foreign Office official Harold Philby was confirmed as the "third man" in the Burgess and Maclean case.

1968 The United States, Britain, the Soviet Union, and 58 other nations signed the Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty.

1987 Geoffrey Collier, former head of securities at Morgan Grenfell, received the first conviction for insider dealing since it became illegal in 1980.

1994 The chairman of the Palestinian Liberation Organisation, Yasser Arafat, returns to the Gaza Strip after 27 years in exile.

1997 Hong Kong reverted to Chinese sovereignty after 156 years of British rule.

1999 The first Scottish parliament for 292 years was opened by Queen Elizabeth II at Edinburgh's Assembly Hall.

2004 International space probe Cassini-Huygens reaches Saturn and sends back the closest photographs yet of the planet's rings.

xxxx * = Date of birth

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