1838 Charles Darwin presented his paper on the theory of evolution
to the Linnaen Society.
1863 Beginning of the Battle of Gettysburg, which marked the turning
point in the US Civil War.
1867 Canada became a self-governing dominion of Great Britain under
the British North America Act.
1872 * Louis Blériot, famous French aviator.
1916 The Battle of the Somme began during WW1 with 210000 men killed
on this day.
1941 The first TV commercial was shown on WNBT in New York
advertising a clock.
1952 * Dan Aykroyd, Canadian comedian and comedy actor.
1961 * Carl Lewis, US athlete who won 4 gold medals at the 1984
Olympic Games held in L.A.
1961 * Lady Diana Spencer (Princess of Wales), married to Prince
1962 Burundi and Rwanda achieved independence.
1963 Former Foreign Office official Harold Philby was confirmed as
the "third man" in the Burgess and Maclean case.
1968 The United States, Britain, the Soviet Union, and 58 other
nations signed the Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty.
1987 Geoffrey Collier, former head of securities at Morgan Grenfell,
received the first conviction for insider dealing since it became
illegal in 1980.
1994 The chairman of the Palestinian Liberation Organisation, Yasser
Arafat, returns to the Gaza Strip after 27 years in exile.
1997 Hong Kong reverted to Chinese sovereignty after 156 years of
1999 The first Scottish parliament for 292 years was opened by Queen
Elizabeth II at Edinburgh's Assembly Hall.
2004 International space probe Cassini-Huygens reaches Saturn and
sends back the closest photographs yet of the planet's rings.
xxxx * = Date of birth
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