1776 The U.S. declared independence from Great Britain.
1807 * Giuseppe Garibaldi, Italian patriot who fought in 1860 to
make Italy a unified nation.
1845 * Thomas John Barnardo, who set up homes for destitute children
in London in 1867.
1848 The Communist Manifesto was published.
1862 Lewis Carroll first told the story of Alice's Adventures
Underground to the Liddell sisters.
1884 The Statue of Liberty was presented to the United States in
1892 James Keir Hardie became the first Socialist to win a seat in
the British Parliament.
1904 Work began on the 40-mile long Panama Canal.
1927 * Gina Lollobrigida, popular Italian actress who starred in the
film Trapeze (1956).
1927 * Neil Simon, US playwright who wrote The Odd Couple (1965).
1946 The US gave the Philippine islands their independence.
1954 Fourteen years of food rationing in Britain was over as
restrictions on the sale and purchase of meat, and bacon in
particular, were lifted.
1968 Round-the-world yachtsman Alec Rose received a hero's welcome
as he sailed into Portsmouth after his 354-day trip.
1976 Israeli commandos rescued 100 hostages, mostly Israelis or
Jews, held by pro-Palestinian hijackers at Entebbe airport in
1977 Manchester United manager Tommy Docherty was sacked by the
1995 The Prime Minister, John Major, won his battle to remain leader
of the Conservative party.
1997 The US Pathfinder probe landed on Mars.
1999 English footballer David Beckham and pop singer Victoria Adams
married in regal style at Luttrelstown Castle outside Dublin.
xxxx * = Date of birth
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