Today Yesterday



8th July

1777 Vermont became the first colony to abolish slavery.

1836 * Joseph Chamberlain, English politician and social reformer.

1838 * Count von Zeppelin, German soldier and builder of the famous aircraft named after him.

1839 * John D. Rockefeller, US founder of the Standard Oil Company (1870).

1851 * Sir Arthur John Evans, English archaeologist who excavated the city of Knossos in Crete.

1889 The Wall Street Journal first published.

1892 The first person to be convicted by fingerprint evidence took place in Brazil.

1918 National Savings stamps went on sale in Britain.

1943 Jean Moulin, French Resistance leader known as 'Max' was executed by the Gestapo.

1950 General Douglas MacArthur was named commander-in-chief of the United Nations forces in Korea.

1965 Horse racing starting gates were used for the first time in Britain at Newmarket.

1965 Ronald Biggs who was serving a 30-year prison sentence for his part in the Great Train Robbery escaped from Wandsworth prison.

1971 British troops killed two rioters in Londonderry, Northern Ireland, When some of the worst violence in the town for three years flared up.

1996 Three young children and four adults were attacked by a man with a machete at an infant school in Wolverhampton.

2005 The G8 summit in Gleneagles ended with a deal to boost aid for developing countries by $50bn.

xxxx * = Date of birth

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