1274 * Robert the Bruce, King of Scotland in 1306.
1533 Pope Clement VII excommunicated England's King Henry VIII.
1767 * John Quincy Adams, 6th US President from 1825-1829 who
campaigned against slavery.
1776 Captain Cook set off from Plymouth on his third and final
voyage of exploration.
1915 * Yul Brynner, US actor born in Siberia who starred in the film
The Magnificent 7 (1960).
1953 * Leon Spinks, US boxer who defeated Muhammad Ali in 1978 for
the heavyweight crown.
1975 China's great terracotta army uncovered near the ancient
Chinese capital of Xian.
1977 The Rev. Dr. Martin luther King Jr. was posthumously awarded
the Presidential Medal of Freedom for his work to advance civil
1977 The Gay News and its editor was found guilty of blasphemous
libel in the first case of its kind for more than fifty years.
1979 The US space station Skylab returned to earth after six years
in space. Debris was scattered across the southern Indian Ocean and
the sparsely populated Australian desert.
1986 British newspapers banned from publishing extracts from Peter
Wright's Spycatcher book.
1987 Veterans returned to Passchendaele in Belgium, the scene of the
bloodiest battle of World War I to commemorate its 70th anniversary.
1989 Actor Laurence Olivier died.
1991 Labour MP Terry Fields was sentenced to 60 days in prison for
refusing to pay his poll tax.
1995 The Bosnian Serb army seized control of the United Nations
"safe area" of Srebrenica. Up to 30,000 refugees from the mainly
Muslim town fled to the north.
1999 German Ferrari driver Michael Schumacher survived a high-speed
crash at the British grand prix with a broken right leg.
2000 The World Aids Conference in South Africa announced trials for
a new HIV vaccine will begin in Britain.
xxxx * = Date of birth
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