1543 Henry VIII married for the sixth and final time to Catherine
1690 Protestant William of Orange defeated Roman Catholic James II
at the Battle of the Boyne in Ireland.
1854 * George Eastman, US photographic pioneer who founded Kodak.
1862 US Congress authorized the Medal of Honour.
1878 Cyprus was ceded to Britain by Turkey.
1895 * Oscar Hammerstein II, US librettist and lyricist who worked
with Richard Rodgers.
1920 US President Wilson opened the Panama Canal.
1928 * Sir Alistair Burnet, award-winning British television
newsreader and reporter.
1937 * Bill Cosby, US comedian with his own TV series, The Cosby
1960 The first Etch-A-Sketch went on sale.
1969 Tony Jacklin became the first British golfer to win the British
Open since 1951.
1974 The manager of Liverpool football club, Bill Shankly, retired.
1979 Kiribati, formerly the Gilbert Islands, gained its independence
from the United Kingdom.
1986 Dozens were injured in the second consecutive night of violent
riots in Portadown, County Armagh. Violence flared when Orangemen
converged on the town yesterday evening after their annual marches
to commemorate the Battle of the Boyne.
1990 Boris Yeltsin resigned from the Soviet Communist Party,
bringing the radical-conservative split into the open.
1998 Three young brothers were murdered in a loyalist arson attack
as the stand-off between Orangemen and police at Drumcree continued.
xxxx * = Date of birth
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