1821 * Mary Baker Eddy, founder of the Christian Science movement.
1872 * Roald Amundsen, Norwegian explorer who was the first person
to reach the South Pole.
1885 Louis Pasteur treated a 9 year old boy for rabies, the first
1907 * Barbara Stanwyck (Ruby Stevens), US actress and star of
Double Indemnity (1944).
1911 * Ginger Rogers (Virginia McMath) who played the lead in many
1918 The last Russian Tsar, Nicholas II and his entire family shot
dead by the Bolsheviks.
1945: Allied leaders Winston Churchill, Harry S Truman and Josef
Stalin gathered at Potsdam to discuss the fate of a defeated Germany.
1945 The first atomic bomb developed by Robert Oppenheimer was
detonated in New Mexico.
1969 Apollo II was launched in the US with astronauts Armstrong,
Aldrin and Collins aboard.
1970 Home Secretary Reginald Maudling declared a state of emergency
to deal with Dockers strikes at UK ports.
1979 Saddam Hussein became president of Iraq.
1993 Stella Rimington, 56, became the first Director General of the
MI5 to pose openly for cameras at the launch of a brochure outlining
the organisation's activities
1999 A light aircraft being piloted by John F. Kennedy Jr vanished
over the sea off Martha's vineyard, USA.
2001 The Labour Government was defeated in the House of Commons for
the first time since it came to power in 1997.
xxxx * = Date of birth
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