1534 Jacques Cartier landed at Gaspé in Canada and claimed the
territory for France.
1704 British Admiral Sir George Rooke captured Gibraltar from the
1775 * Eugéne Vidocq, French founder of the Brigade de Sûreté
1802 * Alexandre Dumas, French author of The Three Musketeers
1824 The first public opinion poll was conducted in Wilmington,
1898 * Amelia Earhart, US aviator and the first woman to fly solo
over the Atlantic (1932).
1925 A patient was successfully treated with insulin for the first
time at Guy's hospital, London.
1951 * Lynda Carter, US actress best known for her role in the TV
series Wonder Woman.
1959 Russia's prime minister and America's vice-president, fought a
battle of words about the merits of communism versus capitalism, at
an American exhibition in Moscow.
1969 British lecturer Gerald Brooke was freed from Soviet prison and
returned to London after four years in a Soviet jail.
1974 The U.S. Supreme Court unanimously ruled that President Richard
Nixon had to turn over White House tapes to the Watergate special
1987 Former deputy chair of the Conservative Party Jeffrey Archer
was awarded record libel damages of £500,000 plus up to £700,000
costs, at the High Court.
2000 Loyalist paramilitary hit man Michael Stone was released from
the Maze prison in Northern Ireland. He was given a 684-year
sentence in 1989 for six murders and five attempted murders, but was
set free as part of the Good Friday peace agreement.
xxxx * = Date of birth
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