1498 On his epic voyage, Columbus arrived at the island of Trinidad.
1718 * John Canton, English scientist, who was the first to make
1790 The first US patent was issued to Samuel Hopkins of Vermont for
a process of making fertilizer.
1917 The third Battle of Ypres began.
1944 * Geraldine Chaplin, US actress and daughter of Charlie
1944 * Jonathan Dimbleby, English television presenter and
1950 Britain's first self-service store, Sainsbury's, opened in
1954 Mount Godwin-Austen (K2), the world's second-highest peak, was
climbed for the first time, by an Italian team led by Ardito Desio.
1963 * Wesley Snipes, US actor.
1964 The US Ranger 7 sent back the first close up pictures of the
1965 Cigarette advertising was banned on British television.
1973 Loyalists disrupted the new Northern Ireland Assembly, the
first elected body since the British imposed direct rule in March.
1987 The Government sued the Sunday Telegraph over the "Spycatcher"
secret service memoirs.
1991 The US and the Soviet Union signed the Start treaty to reduce
stockpiles of nuclear warheads by about a third.
1998 The British Government announced a total ban on landmines, a
month before the first anniversary of the death of Princess Diana.
xxxx * = Date of birth
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