1498 Christopher Columbus reached American mainland naming it Santa
1774 English chemist Joseph Priestley identified oxygen.
1778 The first savings bank opened in Hamburg, Germany.
1779 * Francis Scott Key, US author of the US national anthem 'The
Star Spangled Banner'.
1790 The first U.S. census was completed, showing a population of
1819 * Herman Melville, US novelist who wrote Moby Dick in 1851.
1838 * Jules Leotard, French acrobat who designed the Flying Trapeze
1936 * Yves Saint-Laurent, French couturier and fashion designer.
1944 The Polish Underground Army began the battle to liberate
1946 President Truman signed the congressional acts that established
the Atomic Energy Commission.
1971 Appolo 15 astronauts uncover a rock which may date back to the
origin of the Moon. The so-called Genesis rock was found by lunar
module pilots David Scott and James Irwin.
1976 F1 racing driver Niki Lauda was in a critical condition in
hospital after crashing at the German Grand Prix.
1989 Britain's oldest person Charlotte Marion Hughes from Cleveland
celebrated her 112 birthday and entered the record books.
1993 The worst floods in US history occurred when the Mississippi
1994 Thousands of historic documents and more than 100,000 books are
destroyed in a blaze which ripped through Norwich Central Library.
2001 Officers from Scotland Yard's Child Protection Team began
investigating a boy's claims he was held captive in his own home for
xxxx * = Date of birth
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