1806 The Holy Roman Empire ended with the abdication of Emperor
1825 Bolivia declared its independence from Peru.
1881 * Alexander Fleming, Scottish bacteriologist who discovered
penicillin in 1928.
1889 London's Savoy Hotel was opened.
1890 In New York, murderer William Kemmler became the first man
executed by electric chair.
1911 * Lucille Ball, US comedienne with her own TV show I Love Lucy.
1917 * Robert Mitchum, US actor who starred in the film The Big
1926 Gertrude Ederle of the US became the first woman to swim the
1937 * Barbara Windsor, English comic actress and star of the 'Carry
1945 US B-29 bomber Enola Gay dropped the first atomic bomb on the
Japanese city Hiroshima.
1961 The Soviet Union astonished the world by launching Major
Gherman Titov into orbit for a whole day.
1962 Jamaica gained its independence within the Britain
1971 A British man Chay Blyth, 31, became the first to sail the
world non-stop in the "wrong" direction - east to west - against the
prevailing winds and currents.
1987 SDP leader Dr David Owen resigned after members of his party
voted to merge with the Liberals.
1995 Up to 50,000 people attended a memorial service in the Japanese
city of Hiroshima on the 50th anniversary of the first atomic
1997 British prime minister Tony Blair and Sinn Fein president Gerry
Adams meet - the first time in 76 years that a British leader and an
IRA ally meet.
xxxx * = Date of birth
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