1711 The Ascot races became 'Royal Ascot' with the attendance of
1789 US Congress established the US War Department.
1840 British parliament passed a law preventing employment of
children as chimney sweeps.
1876 * Mata Hari, Dutch spy who passed secrets to the Germans during
World War 1.
1913 US aviator Samuel Cody was killed when his aircraft crashed at
1926 The first British motor racing Grand Prix was run at Brooklands
race track, Surrey.
1942 * Kenneth Kendall, English television broadcaster.
1947 The wooden raft Kon-Tiki, which carried Thor Heyerdahl and five
companions more than 4,000 miles, crashed into a reef in the
1952 * Alexei Sayle, English alternative comedian.
1958 Washington's Court of Appeals quashed playwright Arthur
Miller's conviction for contempt of Congress after a two-year legal
1959 The United States launched Explorer 6, which sent back a
picture of Earth.
1961 * Walter Swinburn, Irish jockey and winner of the Derby in
1972 The Ugandan leader, Idi Amin, set a deadline for the expulsion
of most of the country's Asians.
1987 An American woman Lynne Cox, 30, become the first person to
swim from the United States to the Soviet Union across the Bering
1998 US embassies in Kenya and Tanzania were bombed, by terrorists.
Some 224 were killed and more than 5,500 injured.
2001 The government re-nationalised a private hospital for the first
time. The Department of Health paid £27m for the luxury private
Heart Hospital just off Harley Street.
2003 Amrozi bin Nurhasyim was convicted for the Bali nightclub
bombings which killed 190 people in 2002.
xxxx * = Date of birth
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