Today Yesterday



13th August

1521 After a three-month siege, the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlán fell to the Spanish conquistadors, marking the end of one empire and the rise of another.

1814 The Cape of Good Hope was made a British colony when it was ceded by the Dutch.

1860 * Annie Oakley, US marksman who starred in Buffalo Bill's Wild West show.

1868 A series of earthquakes killed 25,000 in Peru and Ecuador.

1876 The first performance of Wagner's The Ring Cycle was staged at Bayeruth.

1888 * John Logie Baird, Scottish television pioneer.

1899 * Alfred Hitchcock, English film director who won an Oscar for the film Psycho (1955).

1927 * Fidel Castro, Cuban leader who overthrew the Batista regime in the 1950's.

1942 Disney's Bambi opened at Radio City Music Hall in New York City.

1961 The Berlin Wall sealing off the border between East and West Berlin went up. Barbed wire fences up to six feet high were put up during the night

1964 The death sentence abolished. The last executions took place in Great Britain.

1966 China announced the "Cultural Revolution" calling on people for renewed efforts to fulfil economic goals.

1977 More than 200 protesters were arrested after demonstrations in Lewisham against a National Front march.

1985 A three-year-old boy from Dublin became the world's youngest heart and lung transplant patient.

xxxx * = Date of birth

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