1521 After a three-month siege, the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlán
fell to the Spanish conquistadors, marking the end of one empire and
the rise of another.
1814 The Cape of Good Hope was made a British colony when it was
ceded by the Dutch.
1860 * Annie Oakley, US marksman who starred in Buffalo Bill's Wild
1868 A series of earthquakes killed 25,000 in Peru and Ecuador.
1876 The first performance of Wagner's The Ring Cycle was staged at
1888 * John Logie Baird, Scottish television pioneer.
1899 * Alfred Hitchcock, English film director who won an Oscar for
the film Psycho (1955).
1927 * Fidel Castro, Cuban leader who overthrew the Batista regime
in the 1950's.
1942 Disney's Bambi opened at Radio City Music Hall in New York
1961 The Berlin Wall sealing off the border between East and West
Berlin went up. Barbed wire fences up to six feet high were put up
during the night
1964 The death sentence abolished. The last executions took place in
1966 China announced the "Cultural Revolution" calling on people for
renewed efforts to fulfil economic goals.
1977 More than 200 protesters were arrested after demonstrations in
Lewisham against a National Front march.
1985 A three-year-old boy from Dublin became the world's youngest
heart and lung transplant patient.
xxxx * = Date of birth
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