1057 Macbeth, king of Scotland, was killed by Malcolm Canmore.
1769 * Napoleon Bonaparte, French military leader and Emperor.
1856 * James Keir Hardie, Scottish politician and founder of the
British Labour Party.
1914 The Panama Canal was opened and the first ship through was the
1924 * Robert Bolt, English playwright who wrote A Man For All
1945 Allied nations across the globe rejoiced on Victory in Japan
day that marked the end of World War II.
1947 India gained independence from Great Britain.
1948 South Korea became the Republic of Korea.
1950 * Princess Anne, the Princess Royal, at Clarence House in
1965 Race riots in Watts, Los Angeles required 20,000 National
Guardsmen to quell.
1969 The Woodstock Music and Arts Fair began on a dairy farm in New
1971 Controversial horse rider Harvey Smith was stripped of his
£2,000 winnings and a major show jumping title for allegedly making
a rude gesture.
1985 Richard Branson's speedboat Virgin Atlantic Challenger capsized
off the south-west of England ending his attempt at the fastest-ever
1998 A car bomb in Omagh, Northern Ireland, killed 29 people. It was
the deadliest act of violence in more than 30 years of Troubles.
2995 Israeli troops met peaceful resistance as they delivered the
first eviction notices to settlers in the Gaza Strip.
xxxx * = Date of birth
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