1871 * Orville Wright, US aviation pioneer with his brother Wilbur.
1883 * Gabrielle 'Coco' Chanel, French fashion designer and perfume
1897 Electric-powered cabs appeared in London.
1936 Spanish poet and playwright Federico Garcia Lorca was shot by
Franco's soldiers during the Spanish Civil War.
1940 * Johnny Nash, US singer and songwriter.
1942 Allied troops, mainly Canadian, pulled back after nine hours of
heavy fighting on the French coast at Dieppe, northwest of Paris.
1946 * Bill Clinton, US President, 1993-2001.
1960 US pilot Gary Powers whose U-2 spy plane was brought down by
the Soviets was jailed by a Soviet military court.
1960 Soviet satellite Sputnik 5 was launched into orbit with two
dogs, Belka and Strelka, aboard.
1975 Campaigners calling for the release of robber George Davis from
prison vandalised the pitch at Headingley cricket ground in Leeds.
1977 Comedian Groucho Marx died in Los Angeles at age 86.
1987 Michael Ryan, 27 went on the rampage shooting 14 people dead in
the Berkshire town of Hungerford. He later turned his gun on himself
and was found dead inside the school by police.
1989 Poland became the first country in Eastern Europe to end
1991 President Gorbachev of Russia was toppled as leader in a
bloodless coup as Communist hardliners took over.
2003 A massive bomb wrecked the United Nations headquarters in
Baghdad, killing at least 17 people including the UN's chief envoy
xxxx * = Date of birth
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