0079 Mount Vesuvius erupted and buried the city of Pompeii in
1572 Thousands of French Huguenots murdered in Paris under orders of
Catherine de' Medici in the St. Bartholomew's Day massacre.
1759 * William Wilberforce, English philanthropist and anti-slavery
1814 British troops invaded Washington destroying the Capitol
1903 * Graham Sutherland, English portrait painter.
1940 The Lancet reported the first purification of penicillin by
Howard Florey and Ernest Chain.
1953 * Sam Torrance, Scottish golfer.
1954 Brazilian president Getulio Vargas resigned under pressure from
the military and then committed suicide just hours later.
1958 * Steve Guttenberg, US comedy actor who starred in the Police
1967 Two penguins from Chessington Zoo were taken on a day trip to a
local ice-rink to cool off during sweltering London temperatures.
1968 France became the world's fifth nuclear power as it exploded a
hydrogen bomb in the South Pacific.
1985 A five-year-old boy is shot dead in a police raid on his home
1990 The Irish hostage, Brian Keenan, was released in Beirut after
more than four years in captivity.
1991 Mikhail Gorbachev resigned as the general secretary of the
Communist Party after a failed coup attempt against him.
1993 Police in Los Angeles were investigating allegations of child
abuse made against singer Michael Jackson.
xxxx * = Date of birth
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