1676 * Sir Robert Walpole, British Whig politician and regarded as
the first British Prime Minister.
1740 * Joseph Michel Montgolfier, French hot air balloon inventor.
1789 The French Assembly adopted the Declaration of the Rights of
1847 Liberia was proclaimed an independent republic.
1875 * John Buchan, Scottish novelist who wrote The Thirty-nine
1920 The 19th Amendment to the US constitution gave women the right
1940 The RAF bombed Berlin for the first time in retaliation for
attacks on London.
1952 The Soviets announced they had successfully tested an
intercontinental ballistic missile.
1962 An American mother-of-four returned home amid a storm of
controversy after having an abortion in Sweden.
1974 Aviator Charles Lindbergh, the first man to fly solo, non-stop
across the Atlantic, died.
1975 Peace talks between the Rhodesian Government and the African
National Council collapsed.
1980 * Macaulay Culkin, US child actor who starred in the Home Alone
1985 South African-born controversial athlete Zola Budd broke the
world 5,000m record.
1994 An unnamed 62-year-old man was given the world's first
battery-operated heart in a pioneering operation in Britain.
1999 U.S. athlete Michael Johnson smashed the 400 meters world
record by 10 seconds at the World Athletics Championships at
xxxx * = Date of birth
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