1859 The world's first oil well was drilled at Titusville,
Pennsylvania by Edwin Drake.
1877 * Charles Stewart Rolls, English aviator and motor
1883 A massive volcanic eruption on the island of Krakatoa blew up
most of the island and resulted in tsunamis that killed over 36,000
1908 * Sir Donald Bradman, Australian Test cricketer who averaged
99.94 runs per Test match.
1910 * Mother Teresa of Calcutta, founder of the Order of the
Missionaries of Charity.
1913 Russian pilot Peter Nesterov became the first pilot to perform
1939 The first jet-propelled aircraft, the German Heinkel 178 made
its first flight.
1950 The BBC transmitted the first ever live television pictures
across the Channel from Calais.
1959 * Gerhard Berger, Austrian Formula 1 motor racing driver.
1962 The US launched the Mariner II space probe.
1967 The Beatles' manager, Brian Epstein, was found dead at his
Belgravia home in London.
1979 At least 18 British soldiers were killed in two booby-trap bomb
attacks at Warrenpoint, South Down Northern Ireland.
1979 The Queens' cousin Lord Louis Mountbatten was murdered by an
1987 Robert Maclennan MP succeeded David Owen as leader of the SDP
1990 The 'Guinness Four' accused of involvement in a conspiracy to
drive up the price of shares in Guinness were found Guilty.
xxxx * = Date of birth
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