30BC Cleopatra VII, Queen of Egypt, committed suicide.
1797 * Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley, English author who wrote the
novel Frankenstein in 1818.
1897 * Raymond Massey, Canadian actor who starred in the TV series
1901 Scotsman Hurbert Cecil Booth patented the vacuum cleaner.
1917 * Dennis Healey, former British Labour Party Chancellor of the
1939 The evacuation of British children from the cities began in
anticipation of World War 2.
1941 The Germans laid siege to Leningrad.
1943 * Jean Claude Killey, French skier, winner of 3 gold medals at
the 1968 Winter Olympics.
1963 A 'Kremlin-Whitehouse Hotline' between the US and Soviet
Presidents was established. Reducing the risk of war.
1968 The funeral of Princess Marina, the Duchess of Kent was held in
the St George's Chapel in the grounds of Windsor Castle.
1976 More than 100 police officers were taken to hospital after
clashes at the Notting Hill Carnival in west London.
1980 Striking Polish workers won a sweeping victory in a battle with
their Communist rulers for the right to independent trade unions.
1982 Yasser Arafat, PLO leader, was forced out of Lebanon following
sustained Israeli attacks over the past three months.
2001 Former Yugoslav president Slobodan Milosevic was charged with
genocide - the most serious of all war crimes.
xxxx * = Date of birth
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