Today Yesterday



3rd September

1189 Richard I 'the Lion-Hearted' was crowned king of England at Westminster Abbey.

1658 Oliver Cromwell, the lord protector of England, died.

1752 The Gregorian Calendar was introduced in Great Britain.

1783 In Paris, Britain recognized US independence with the signing of a treaty.

1897 * Cecil Parker, English stage and film actor who starred in The Admirable Crichton (1957).

1913 * Alan Ladd, US actor who starred in the film This Gun For Hire (1942).

1939 Britain and France declared war on Germany starting the beginning World War 2.

1940 * Brian Lochore, former All Black rugby union player.

1940 * Pauline Collins, English actress who starred in the film Shirley Valentine (1989).

1943 Crossing the Straits of Messina from Sicily to mainland Italy, British troops landed on mainland
Europe four years to the day after war was declared on Germany.

1954 The National Trust purchased Fair Isle in northern Scotland famous for its bird sanctuary and
knitted sweaters.

1967 Nguyen Van Thieu was elected president of South Vietnam.

1976 The last protesting inmates at Hull's top-security prison finally surrendered after 67 hours on
the rampage.

1976 US spacecraft Viking 2 landed on the planet Mars and took the first pictures of the planet's

1978 Pope John Paul I was installed as the 264th pontiff of the Roman Catholic Church.

1984 At least 1,300 people died and hundreds more were injured as the worst storm in living memory
swept across the southern Philippines.

1998 A Swissair plane flying from New York to Geneva crashes in the sea off the coast of Nova Scotia.

1999 The official report into the car crash that killed Diana, Princess of Wales, lays blame for crash
on the drunk chauffeur Henri Paul.

2004 More than 200 people died after a three-day siege at a Russian school in Beslan, came to a bloody

xxxx * = Date of birth

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