1781 The city of Los Angeles was founded by Spanish settlers.
1888 George Eastman patented his roll-film camera and registered the
1896 * Antonin Artaud, French playwright.
1909 The first Boy Scout rally was held at Crystal Palace, London.
1929 * Mitzi Gaynor, US actress and dancer who starred in the film
South Pacific (1958).
1937 * Dawn Fraser, Australian swimmer who won 3 gold medals at the
1948 Queen Wilhelmina of Holland abdicated in favour of her daughter
1949 * Tom Watson, US golfer who won the British Open five times.
1957 The Wolfenden Report suggested homosexuality should not be a
criminal offence in Britain.
1962 The Beatles began their first recording session at the Abbey
Road studios in London.
1964 The Queen officially opened Europe's longest suspension bridge
linking Edinburgh to Perth across the River Forth.
1972 US swimmer Mark Spitz won a record seventh gold medal at the
Munich Summer Olympics.
1978 At least two million people were made homeless as the worst
floods in living memory hit northern India.
1985 The first pictures of the wreck of the Titanic were released 73
years after the liner sank with the loss of 1,500 lives.
1994 The American Major League baseball season was cancelled for the
first time since 1904.
1997 Eight people were killed and over 150 injured in a series of
suicide bomb attacks in the centre of Jerusalem.
xxxx * = Date of birth
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