1787 The US Constitution was approved.
1862 The bloodiest day in US military history occurred in the US
civil war at the Battle of Antietam when more than 23,000 were
killed or wounded.
1894 A Gaiety Girl became the first British musical to open on
1920 The American Professional Football Association—a precursor of
the NFL—was formed in Canton, Ohio.
1928 * Roddy McDowall, English-born US actor who starred in Planet
of the Apes (1968).
1929 * Stirling Moss, English grand prix driver and winner of the
Mille Miglia in 1955.
1931 Long-playing records (33˝ rpm) were demonstrated by RCA in New
1934 * Maureen Connolly, US tennis player and winner of the Grand
1942 * Desmond Lynam, English television sports presenter.
1944 The British airborne invasion of Arnhem, Holland began in a
massive operation designed to bring a swift end to the war.
1956 Norman Buckley broke the one-hour world water speed record at
an average speed of over 79mph on Lake Windermere.
1970 King Hussein's army and Palestinian guerrillas engaged in
fierce fighting in major towns all over Jordan as Civil war broke
1980 Sandinista agents murder exiled Nicaraguan dictator Somoza.
1982 More than 1,000 Refugees are feared to have been massacred
during a 24-hour rampage by Lebanese militia in West Beirut.
1993 The British National Party won its first council seat in a
by-election in East London.
xxxx * = Date of birth
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