1783 The Montgolfier brothers achieved the first manned hot air
1881 President James Garfield died of a gunshot wound inflicted by a
disappointed office seeker the previous July 2.
1893 New Zealand granted women citizens the right to vote.
1911 * Sir William Golding, English author of The Lord of the Flies
1933 * David McCallum, Scottish-born actor who starred in the TV
series The Man from UNCLE.
1948 * Jeremy Irons, English actor who starred in The French
Lieutenant's Woman (1981).
1949 * Twiggy (Lesley Hornby), English actress, singer and model.
1952 The United States prevented film legend Charlie Chaplin from
returning to Hollywood until he was investigated by the Immigration
1955 Argentinean leader Juan Perón was overthrown by the military
and exiled to Paraguay.
1957 The United States conducted its first underground nuclear test
in the Nevada desert.
1970 T-Rex headlined the first Glastonbury rock music festival
1972 A diplomat at the Israeli embassy in London was killed by a
1985 The Mexico City area was struck by the first of two devastating
earthquakes that claimed thousands of lives. The second earthquake
hit 36 hours later.
1986 Two passenger trains crashed in Staffordshire, killing two
people and injuring almost a hundred more.
1987 Simon and Garfunkel played a concert in New York Central Park
to 400,000 people.
1994 US troops entered Haiti to enforce the return of exiled
president Jean-Bertrand Aristide.
1997 An Intercity 125 ploughed into a freight train in west London,
killing six and injuring more than 150.
2001 The Pentagon ordered combat aircraft to the Persian Gulf
following the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks.
2002 Tel Aviv bombing prompted an Israeli raid on Arafat's compound.
2003 At least 15 people were killed as hurricane Isabel hit the east
coast of the United States and swept through Washington DC.
xxxx * = Date of birth
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