1735 Sir Robert Walpole became the first British Prime Minister to
occupy 10 Downing Street.
1776 Nathan Hale was hanged by the British as a spy during the
1792 The French Republic was proclaimed.
1791 * Michael Faraday, English physicist and chemist who invented
1862 President Abraham Lincoln issued the preliminary Emancipation
Proclamation, proposing to free all slaves of rebel states as of 1st
1902 * John Houseman, producer, actor and writer who co-wrote
Citizen Kane with Orson Welles.
1948 * Captain Mark Phillips, English equestrian and former husband
of Princess Anne.
1950 The first non-stop jet flight between UK and USA.
1955 ITA Britain's first independent television station launched,
with the first TV adverts.
1961 * Scott Baio, US actor who appeared in the TV series Happy
1972 Ugandan leader Idi Amin gave 8,000 Asians 48 hours to leave the
1980 The Persian Gulf conflict between Iran and Iraq erupted into
1980 The Solidarity movement was born in Poland in order to fight
for free trade unions.
1985 An earthquake in Mexico killed 2,000 people.
1989 A devastating explosion at an army barracks in Kent killed 11
people - 10 of them young soldiers.
1989 Songwriter Irving Berlin died in New York City at age 101.
1998 Thousands flee fighting in Kosovo as Serbian forces renewed
their assault against rebel fighters.
xxxx * = Date of birth
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