1776 The St. Ledger horse race was run for the first time in
1896 * Francis Scott Fitzgerald, US novelist who wrote The Great
1898 * Howard Florey, Australian pathologist who developed ways of
mass producing penicillin.
1930 The first performance of NoŽl Coward's Private Lives was held
1936 * Jim Henson, US co-creator of The Muppets.
1942 * Gerry Marsden, English singer who recorded the song 'You'll
Never Walk Alone'.
1954 A temple to a Roman god was discovered near the Mansion House
1960 The first nuclear-powered aircraft carrier, USS Enterprise,
launched at Newport, Virginia.
1971 The UK expelled 90 Soviets spies after the revelations of a KGB
1976 The Rhodesian Government agreed to introduce black majority
rule to the country within two years.
1980 The Iran-Iraq conflict became war when Iraq blew up the Abadan
1988 Canadian Ben Johnson won the 100m gold at the Seoul Olympics.
He tested positive for anabolic steroids after the race and was sent
him home in disgrace.
1991 Children's author Theodor Seuss Geisel, better known as Dr.
Seuss, died at age 87.
1996 The United States and the world's other major nuclear powers
signed a treaty to end all testing and development of nuclear
1998 Iran lifted the fatwa on Salman Rushdie after nearly 10 years.
xxxx * = Date of birth
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