1722 * Samuel Adams, American revolutionary.
1825 The Stockton and Darlington Railway ran its first train, with
32 passengers aboard.
1922 Constantine I, King of Greece abdicated following the Greek
defeat by Turkey.
1938 The Queen Mother launched the 80,000 ton liner the Queen
1939 Warsaw, Poland, was surrendered to the Nazis after weeks of
1940 Germany, Italy and Japan signed a pact forming the Axis.
1942 * Alvin Stardust (Bernard Jewry), English rock singer of the
1948 * Michele Dotrice, English actress who starred in the TV series
Some Mothers Do 'Ave Em.
1948 * Barbara Dickson, Scottish singer, songwriter and actress.
1959 Typhoon Vera battered the Japanese island of Honshu, killing
almost 5,000 people.
1962 Rebels in the Yemen assassinated Iman Ahmed and established a
1964 The Warren Commission report concluded that there was no
conspiracy in the assassination of President John F. Kennedy; Lee
Harvey Oswald acted alone.
1968 The American hippy musical "Hair" opened in London - one day
after the abolition of theatre censorship.
1970 The king of Jordan and the leader of the PLO's Yasser Arafat
agreed a ceasefire at a summit of Arab leaders in Cairo.
1987 The Europeans defeated the US golf team to retain the Ryder Cup
on US soil.
1996 The capital of Afghanistan Kabul fell to Taleban militia after
three days of fierce fighting.
1998 16 years under Kohl ended as Schroeder won the German
2001 Friedrich Leibacher killed at least 14 people before turning
the gun on himself in the regional parliament building in Zug
xxxx * = Date of birth
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