1399 King Richard II became the first English monarch to abdicate
1758 * Horatio Nelson, British naval commander.
1829 Sir Robert Peel's police force, the "bobbies," began operations
at Scotland Yard.
1885 The first electric street trams in Britain ran in Blackpool.
1895 French chemist Louis Pasteur died.
1899 * Sir Billy Butlin, British holiday camp pioneer.
1916 John D. Rockefeller became the world's first billionaire during
the share boom in the US.
1935 * Jerry Lee Lewis, US rock star who sang the song 'Great Balls
of Fire' (1957).
1941 Nazis killed thousands of Jews at Babi Yar ravine near Kiev.
1950 The US Bell Telephone Company tested the first automatic
telephone answering machine.
1952 John Cobb was killed attempting a water-speed record on Loch
1956 * Sebastian Coe, English athlete who held world records at
800m, the mile and 1,500m.
1972 China and Japan agreed to establish diplomatic relations.
1978 John Paul I died one month after becoming pope.
1979 on an historic tour of southern Ireland, Pope John Paul II
called on the people of Ireland to end all violence.
1982 Seven people died after taking Extra-Strength Tylenol capsules
laced with cyanide. This led to the use of safety seals on most
1983 Lady Donaldson was elected the first woman Lord Mayor of
1997 CJD British scientists said they have established a link
between a human brain disease and one found in cows.
xxxx * = Date of birth
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