1870 Rome was declared the capital of Italy.
1890 * Julius Henry 'Groucho' Marx, youngest of the Marx brothers,
star of Duck Soup (1933).
1895 * Budd Abbott, US comedian who partnered Lou Costello in films.
1904 * Graham Greene, English novelist and playwright who wrote The
Third Man (1950).
1925 London's first double-decker buses began service.
1935 Benito Mussolini's Italian forces invaded Abyssinia.
1950 Charles M. Schulz's cartoon strip Peanuts featuring Charlie
Brown appeared today.
1951 * Sting (Gordon Sumner), English singer and songwriter.
1958 Guinea proclaimed its independence from France.
1967 Thurgood Marshall was sworn in as the first black associate
justice of the U.S. Supreme Court.
1968 More than 25 people died during a gun battle in Mexico City
just 10 days before the Olympics Games were due to begin.
1968 Sheila Thorns from Birmingham gave birth to six babies in what
was hailed as the first recorded case of live sextuplets in Britain.
1974 Researchers in New Orleans claimed that experiments on monkeys
reveal how smoking cannabis can cause brain damage.
1983 Neil Kinnock became the new leader of the Labour party, with
Roy Hattersley the deputy.
1998 Gene Autry, the singing cowboy and former owner of the Anaheim
Angels baseball team, died at age 91.
xxxx * = Date of birth
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