1844 * Henry John Heinz, US food manufacturer who formed the H.J.
Heinz Company in 1905.
1884 * Eleanor Roosevelt, wife and cousin of 32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt.
1899 The Anglo-Boer War began in South Africa.
1919 The first airline meals were served on a Handley-Page flight
from London to Paris.
1928 * Ennio Morricone, Italian composer of film scores such as A
Fistful of Dollars (1964).
1937 * Bobby Charlton, former Manchester United and England soccer
1939 Albert Einstein wrote to President Franklin D. Roosevelt
concerning the possibility of atomic weapons.
1967 The Move pop group apologised in the High Court to the Prime
Minister Harold Wilson for a "violent and malicious personal
1968 The US spacecraft Apollo 7 was launched crewed by Wally Schirra,
Donn Fulton Eisele, and R. Walter Cunningham.
1974 Harold Wilson's Labour government won a second term in office
scraping home with just a three seat majority.
1976 The new head of the Chinese Communist Party, Hua Goufeng,
quashed a coup led by Chairman Mao's widow Jiang Qing.
1982 Henry VIII's ship, The Mary Rose rose from the bed of the
Solent after sinking in 1545.
1984 Space shuttle Challenger astronaut, Kathryn Sullivan, became
the first American woman to walk in space.
1987 A huge sonar exploration of Loch Ness failed to find the world
famous monster known affectionately as Nessie.
xxxx * = Date of birth
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